Below is the Early Years Foundation Stage table incorporated with Montessori principles. The table clearly lays out how each area of learning and development is met in a Montessori environment.


Areas of Learning


Montessori learning programme delivered inside and outside the classroom

 Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Life skills, practical life activities.

Cultural Activities.

Ground rules, grace and courtesy.

Role modelling by peers and adults.

Freedom to develop positive friendships, relationships and self-confidence through independence and freedom of choice.
 Communication, Language and Literacy  

Freedom of speech and opportunities for dialogue.

Opportunities to develop listening, communication skills and vocabulary.

Storytelling and books.

Pre-literacy skills with strong emphasis on phonics.

Literacy activities, including development of general skills leading to writing.

Language-rich environments.
 Problem Solving, Reasoning and Numeracy  

All areas of the learning programme give children opportunities for problem-solving and reasoning by virtue of the autonomy they are encouraged to access in the environment, in addition to the following:

         exploration of the environment;

         sensorial education and activities including work with shapes, sizes and patterns;

       Cultural activities;

Counting activities in a mathematically-rich environment.
 Knowledge and Understanding of the World  

Cultural activities.

Exploration and care of the environment both inside and outside.

Peace education including social graces.

Special topics.

Sensorial activities.
 Physical Development  

Children develop gross and fine motor skills, a high degree of hand-eye coordination and balance through practical life activities as well as:

         outdoor activities, including sand and water play;

         dance and gymnastics;

         health awareness;

         creative activities;

  all activities which maximise the flow and movement of each child through diverse and challenging environments.
 Creative Development  

Individual children, small groups and occasionally the whole group engage in freely-available activities such as:

         art and craft;

         music and movement;

         drama and story-telling;

  spontaneous role play usually occurring in a practical life area, cultural area and/or during outdoor play.